BacteriaDisease / SymptomsSpecies   
PoultryPigsDairyOther
Bacillus anthracisAntrax (zoonosis)XX
Bacillus cereusMastitisXX
Bacillus subtilis var. niger
Bordetella aviumBordetellosis: diarrhea, cough and nasal dischargeX
Brachyspira hyodysenteriaeDysentery (inflammation large intestine)X
Brucella suisBrucellosis: metritis, mastitis, infertility and abortion (zoonosis)XX
Campylobacter jejuniEnteritis, death and diarrhea (piglets)XX
Clavibacter michiganensisPlant pathogen (tomatoes and potatoes)Plants
Clostridium perfringensPoultry: acute or chronic enterotoxemia: necrotic enteritis
Pigs: sows: sudden death and gangrene.
Piglets: hemorrhagic diarrhea, necrosis and death
Dairy: Abomastitis, hemorrhagic enteritis, enterotoxemia,
tympania, gas gangrene and sudden death
XXX
Corynebacterium
pseudotuberculosis
Ventral lymphadenitis (infection of the ventral lymph nodes),
abcesses, dermatitis, abortion and mastitis
X
Enterococcus faeciumEnterococcosis: endocarditis, sepsis and diarrheaX
Enterococcus hiraeEnterococcosis: endocarditis, sepsis and diarrheaX
Escherichia coliPoultry: Colibacillosis: sepsis, arisacculitis (infection of air sac),
pericarditis and perihepatitis
Pigs: diarrhea and mastitis
Dairy: diarrhea, sepsis and acute mastitis
XXX
Haemophilus paragallinarumInfectious coryza: nasal and ocular discharge, sneezing and facial
swelling
X
Klebsiella pneumoniaePoultry; Klebsiellosis: diarrhea, sepsis, embryonic death and death
of chicks
Pigs: mastitis and endometritis
Dairy: mastitis
XXX
Lactobacillus plantarumLactic acidosisX
Listeria monocytogenesPoultry: Listeriosis: sepsis, local encephalitis and sudden death
Pigs: Listeriosis: sepsis and pneumonia
Dairy: Listeriosis: sepsis, placentitis, foetal infection, metritis,
abortion and encephalitis Zoonosis
XXXX
Mycobacterium bovisBovine tuberculosisXX
Mycobacterium smegmatisMastitis in dairy cattleX
Mycoplasma gallisepticumMycoplasmosis: damage of respiratory systemX
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniaeEnzootic pneumonia (chronic cough)X
Mycoplasma mycoidesContagious bovine pleuropneumoniaX
Mycoplasma synoviaeTendinitis, bursitis, bronchitis and airsacculitisX
Ornithobacterium rhinotrachealeRespiratory infectionsX
Pasteurella multocidaPoultry: Pasteurellosis/ avian cholera: respiratory infections,
diarrhea, lameness and sudden death
Pigs: Pasteurellosis: pneumonia
Dairy: Pasteurellosis: pneumonia and skin disease Zoonosis
XXX
Pectobacterium atrosepticumPlant pathogen causing blackleg in potatoesPlants
Proteus mirabilisPoultry; omphalitis (infection of yolk sac)
Dairy: infections of respiratory, gastrointestinal and urogenital
system, wounds, abscesses and dermatitis
XXX
Proteus vulgarisPathogenic in humans
Pseudomonas aeruginosaPoultry and pigs; Pseudomoniasis: respiratory infections,
embryonic death, dyspnea, sepsis and death
Dairy: Mastitis, abortion and genital infections
XXX
Pseudomonas syringaePlant pathogenPlants
Pseudomonas tolaasiPlant pathogen causing bacterial blotch on cultivated mushroomsPlants
Salmonella choleraesuisPoultry; Salmonellosis
Pigs: Salmonellosis: pneumonia, hepatitis and cerebral vasculitis
Dairy: Salmonellosis, enteritis, abortion
Zoonosis
XXX
Salmonella enteritidisSalmonellosis and zoonosisXXX
Salmonella hadarSalmonellosis and zoonosisXXX
Salmonella heidelbergPigs: Salmonellosis
Dairy: Salmonellosis and abortion
Zoonosis
XXX
Salmonella infantisSalmonellosis and zoonosisXXX
Salmonella paratyphi javaSalmonellosis and zoonosisXXX
Salmonella pulorumSalmonellosis: Pullorum disease, ‘Bacillary white diarrhea’ and
zoonosis
X
Salmonella typhimuriumTurkeys: Salmonellosis
Pigs: Salmonellosis
Dairy: Salmonellosis, enteritis, abortion
Zoonosis
XXX
Salmonella typhisuisSalmonellosis: necrosis, intestinal infections, inflammation of
lymph nodes, sepsis (zoonosis)
X
Salmonella virchowSalmonellosis (zoonosis)X
Staphylococcus aureusPoultry; Staphylococcosis: infections, sepsis, lameness
Pigs: MRSA (Methicilin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus) zoonosis
Dairy: mastitis
XXX
Staphylococcus hyicusPoultry: skin lesions
Pigs: greasy pig disease, sepsis
Dairy: skin infections often combined with scabies
XXX
Streptococcus faeciumMeningitis and EndocarditisXXX
Streptococcus suisArthritis, sepsis, meningitis, endocarditis (piglets)X
Xanthomonas campestrisPlant pathogenPlants
Yersinia pestisFood poisoning in humans after eating contaminated meatXX
Fungi and yeastsDiseaseSpecies
PoultryPigsDairyOther
Absidia corymbiferaAbortion, zygomycosis (infections)X
Aspergillus fumigatusPoultry: Aspergillosis, eye lesions
Pigs: Mycotoxicosis: abortion, no lactation, liver damage,
immunosuppression in sows
XX
Aspergillus nigerAspergillosisXX
Aspergillus versicolorAspergillosisX
Botrytis cinereaPlant pathogen causing necrotrophy in mainly grapes and other
fruits
Plants
Candida albicansPoultry: Candidiasis: malfunction of the crop
Pigs: Candidiasis: infections of intestinal tract
Dairy: Candidiasis: mastitis, abortion
XXX
Cladosporium cladosporioidesMycotic infections of the respiratory tract, asthmatic and allergic
reactions
Plants
Fusarium dimerumMycotoxicosisX
Fusarium oxysporumMycotoxicosisXXX
Galactomyces geotrichumPlant pathogen causing post harvest disease in citrus (sour rot)Plants
Geotrichum candidumGeotrichosisXX
Penicillium digitatumPlant pathogen causing post harvest disease in fruits (green rot)Plants
Penicillium expansumPlant pathogen causing post harvest rot in applesPlants
Penicillium italicumPlant pathogen causing post harvest disease in citrus fruitsPlants
Penicillium verrucosumProduces the mycotoxin Ochratoxin A which causes severe
food poisoning in humans after consuming contaminated pork
products
X
Saccharomyces cerevisiaeNon pathogen
Sclerotinia sclerotiorumPlant pathogen causing ‘white mold’on flowers and vegetablesPlants
Scopulariopsis brevicaulisHyperkeratosisX
Trichophyton mentagrophytesDermatophytosis (ringworm)XX
VirusDiseaseSpecies
PoultryPigsDairyOther
African Swine Fever virusAfrican Swine FeverX
Avian Infectious Laryngotracheitis
virus
Infectious laryngotracheitisX
Aujezsky’s disease virusAujezsky’s disease/ pseudorabiesXX
Avian Influenza H9N2Avian influenza (bird flu or fowl pest) (zoonosis)X
Avian Influenza H5N1Avian influenza type H5N1 (zoonosis)XXX
Bovine enterovirusBovine enterovirus (abortion, infertility, diarrhea, respiratory
infections)
X
Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD)Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD)X
Canine parvovirusCanine parvovirus (CPV) infectionDogs
Canine parainfluenza-virusCanine parainfluenza (CPIV) (‘Canine cough’)Dogs
CircovirusAvian circovirus in geese and ducks Porcine Post Weaning
Multisystemic Wasting syndrome (PMWS) in pigs
XX
Classical Swine FeverClassical Swine Fever (CSF)/ hog cholera/ pig plagueX
Foot and mouth disease virusFoot and Mouth disease (zoonosis)XX
Gumboro virusGumboro disease/ Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD)X
H1N1 Influenza ASwine influenza type H1N1 (zoonosis)X
Infectious bronchitis virusInfectious bronchitisX
Infectious pancreatic necrosis virusInfectious Pancreatic Necrosis in salmonid fishFish
Marek’s disease virusMarek’s diseaseX
Newcastle virus (Pseudo-fowl pest)) Newcastle disease/ Paramoxyvirus (zoonosis)X
Pepino Mosaic virusPepino Mosaic virus (PepMV)Plants
Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea virusPorcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED)X
Porcine Reproductive and
Respiratory Syndrome
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS)X
ReovirusPoultry: viral arthritis
Dairy: gastrointestinal and respiratory reovirus disease
XX
Swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV)Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD)X
Talfan diseaseTeschen disease/ Talfan diseaseX
Tobacco Mosaic virusTobacco Mosaic virusPlants
Transmissible Gastro-Enteritis virusTransmissible Gastro-Enteritis virus (TGEV) in pigsX
Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)Vesicular stomatitis (zoonosis)XX
BacteriaDisease / Symptoms
Bacillus anthracisAntrax (zoonosis)
Bacillus cereusMastitis
Bacillus subtilis var. niger
Bordetella aviumBordetellosis: diarrhea, cough and nasal discharge
Brachyspira hyodysenteriaeDysentery (inflammation large intestine)
Brucella suisBrucellosis: metritis, mastitis, infertility and abortion (zoonosis)
Campylobacter jejuniEnteritis, death and diarrhea (piglets)
Clavibacter michiganensisPlant pathogen (tomatoes and potatoes)
Clostridium perfringensPoultry: acute or chronic enterotoxemia: necrotic enteritis
Pigs: sows: sudden death and gangrene.
Piglets: hemorrhagic diarrhea, necrosis and death
Dairy: Abomastitis, hemorrhagic enteritis, enterotoxemia,
tympania, gas gangrene and sudden death
Corynebacterium
pseudotuberculosis
Ventral lymphadenitis (infection of the ventral lymph nodes),
abcesses, dermatitis, abortion and mastitis
Enterococcus faeciumEnterococcosis: endocarditis, sepsis and diarrhea
Enterococcus hiraeEnterococcosis: endocarditis, sepsis and diarrhea
Escherichia coliPoultry: Colibacillosis: sepsis, arisacculitis (infection of air sac),
pericarditis and perihepatitis
Pigs: diarrhea and mastitis
Dairy: diarrhea, sepsis and acute mastitis
Haemophilus paragallinarumInfectious coryza: nasal and ocular discharge, sneezing and facial
swelling
Klebsiella pneumoniaePoultry; Klebsiellosis: diarrhea, sepsis, embryonic death and death
of chicks
Pigs: mastitis and endometritis
Dairy: mastitis
Lactobacillus plantarumLactic acidosis
Listeria monocytogenesPoultry: Listeriosis: sepsis, local encephalitis and sudden death
Pigs: Listeriosis: sepsis and pneumonia
Dairy: Listeriosis: sepsis, placentitis, foetal infection, metritis,
abortion and encephalitis Zoonosis
Mycobacterium bovisBovine tuberculosis
Mycobacterium smegmatisMastitis in dairy cattle
Mycoplasma gallisepticumMycoplasmosis: damage of respiratory system
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniaeEnzootic pneumonia (chronic cough)
Mycoplasma mycoidesContagious bovine pleuropneumonia
Mycoplasma synoviaeTendinitis, bursitis, bronchitis and airsacculitis
Ornithobacterium rhinotrachealeRespiratory infections
Pasteurella multocidaPoultry: Pasteurellosis/ avian cholera: respiratory infections,
diarrhea, lameness and sudden death
Pigs: Pasteurellosis: pneumonia
Dairy: Pasteurellosis: pneumonia and skin disease Zoonosis
Pectobacterium atrosepticumPlant pathogen causing blackleg in potatoes
Proteus mirabilisPoultry; omphalitis (infection of yolk sac)
Dairy: infections of respiratory, gastrointestinal and urogenital
system, wounds, abscesses and dermatitis
Proteus vulgarisPathogenic in humans
Pseudomonas aeruginosaPoultry and pigs; Pseudomoniasis: respiratory infections,
embryonic death, dyspnea, sepsis and death
Dairy: Mastitis, abortion and genital infections
Pseudomonas syringaePlant pathogen
Pseudomonas tolaasiPlant pathogen causing bacterial blotch on cultivated mushrooms
Salmonella choleraesuisPoultry; Salmonellosis
Pigs: Salmonellosis: pneumonia, hepatitis and cerebral vasculitis
Dairy: Salmonellosis, enteritis, abortion
Zoonosis
Salmonella enteritidisSalmonellosis and zoonosis
Salmonella hadarSalmonellosis and zoonosis
Salmonella heidelbergPigs: Salmonellosis
Dairy: Salmonellosis and abortion
Zoonosis
Salmonella infantisSalmonellosis and zoonosis
Salmonella paratyphi javaSalmonellosis and zoonosis
Salmonella pulorumSalmonellosis: Pullorum disease, ‘Bacillary white diarrhea’ and
zoonosis
Salmonella typhimuriumTurkeys: Salmonellosis
Pigs: Salmonellosis
Dairy: Salmonellosis, enteritis, abortion
Zoonosis
Salmonella typhisuisSalmonellosis: necrosis, intestinal infections, inflammation of
lymph nodes, sepsis (zoonosis)
Salmonella virchowSalmonellosis (zoonosis)
Staphylococcus aureusPoultry; Staphylococcosis: infections, sepsis, lameness
Pigs: MRSA (Methicilin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus) zoonosis
Dairy: mastitis
Staphylococcus hyicusPoultry: skin lesions
Pigs: greasy pig disease, sepsis
Dairy: skin infections often combined with scabies
Streptococcus faeciumMeningitis and Endocarditis
Streptococcus suisArthritis, sepsis, meningitis, endocarditis (piglets)
Xanthomonas campestrisPlant pathogen
Yersinia pestisFood poisoning in humans after eating contaminated meat
Fungi and yeastsDisease
Absidia corymbiferaAbortion, zygomycosis (infections)
Aspergillus fumigatusPoultry: Aspergillosis, eye lesions
Pigs: Mycotoxicosis: abortion, no lactation, liver damage,
immunosuppression in sows
Aspergillus nigerAspergillosis
Aspergillus versicolorAspergillosis
Botrytis cinereaPlant pathogen causing necrotrophy in mainly grapes and other
fruits
Candida albicansPoultry: Candidiasis: malfunction of the crop
Pigs: Candidiasis: infections of intestinal tract
Dairy: Candidiasis: mastitis, abortion
Cladosporium cladosporioidesMycotic infections of the respiratory tract, asthmatic and allergic
reactions
Fusarium dimerumMycotoxicosis
Fusarium oxysporumMycotoxicosis
Galactomyces geotrichumPlant pathogen causing post harvest disease in citrus (sour rot)
Geotrichum candidumGeotrichosis
Penicillium digitatumPlant pathogen causing post harvest disease in fruits (green rot)
Penicillium expansumPlant pathogen causing post harvest rot in apples
Penicillium italicumPlant pathogen causing post harvest disease in citrus fruits
Penicillium verrucosumProduces the mycotoxin Ochratoxin A which causes severe
food poisoning in humans after consuming contaminated pork
products
Saccharomyces cerevisiaeNon pathogen
Sclerotinia sclerotiorumPlant pathogen causing ‘white mold’on flowers and vegetables
Scopulariopsis brevicaulisHyperkeratosis
Trichophyton mentagrophytesDermatophytosis (ringworm)
VirusDisease
African Swine Fever virusAfrican Swine Fever
Avian Infectious Laryngotracheitis
virus
Infectious laryngotracheitis
Aujezsky’s disease virusAujezsky’s disease/ pseudorabies
Avian Influenza H9N2Avian influenza (bird flu or fowl pest) (zoonosis)
Avian Influenza H5N1Avian influenza type H5N1 (zoonosis)
Bovine enterovirusBovine enterovirus (abortion, infertility, diarrhea, respiratory
infections)
Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD)Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD)
Canine parvovirusCanine parvovirus (CPV) infection
Canine parainfluenza-virusCanine parainfluenza (CPIV) (‘Canine cough’)
CircovirusAvian circovirus in geese and ducks Porcine Post Weaning
Multisystemic Wasting syndrome (PMWS) in pigs
Classical Swine FeverClassical Swine Fever (CSF)/ hog cholera/ pig plague
Foot and mouth disease virusFoot and Mouth disease (zoonosis)
Gumboro virusGumboro disease/ Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD)
H1N1 Influenza ASwine influenza type H1N1 (zoonosis)
Infectious bronchitis virusInfectious bronchitis
Infectious pancreatic necrosis virusInfectious Pancreatic Necrosis in salmonid fish
Marek’s disease virusMarek’s disease
Newcastle virus (Pseudo-fowl pest)) Newcastle disease/ Paramoxyvirus (zoonosis)
Pepino Mosaic virusPepino Mosaic virus (PepMV)
Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea virusPorcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED)
Porcine Reproductive and
Respiratory Syndrome
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS)
ReovirusPoultry: viral arthritis
Dairy: gastrointestinal and respiratory reovirus disease
Swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV)Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD)
Talfan diseaseTeschen disease/ Talfan disease
Tobacco Mosaic virusTobacco Mosaic virus
Transmissible Gastro-Enteritis virusTransmissible Gastro-Enteritis virus (TGEV) in pigs
Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)Vesicular stomatitis (zoonosis)